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Intergenerational Trauma – Illustration and Quiz

If you aren’t naming and breaking the cycles that have entangled you, you are participating in them.

This is true in most systems we are part of, but is especially true for families. Researchers call it “intergenerational trauma” and have demonstrated that the trauma of a parent is literally, genetically, passed to offspring. This Simple-Wikipedia article on epigenetics has an easy-to-understand summary of epigenetics for those of us who get a little lost in the technical language used by geneticists.

In abbreviated terms: epigenetics takes a look into how our development is influenced by changes in gene activity – how heritable traits are passed down from those in our family, and/or how behaviors and environment can influence our development.

illustrated image showing two women. Text above both women says, "Every single person you meet is..." Under one woman, the text reads "Repeating a cycle of generational trauma." Under the second woman, the text says "Or carrying the burden of breaking cycles."

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Trauma, Dysfunction, and Cycles: A Quiz

When I initially posted this image to Instagram, feedback included some pushback that not all families could resonate with this. If we limit the understanding of family trauma to abuser/victim dynamics, this critique holds true –  but trauma (and perhaps especially intergenerational trauma) is much, much bigger than that limited lens.

Based on these conversations and research I’ve done in the area of intergenerational trauma, epigenetics, and family dysfunction cycles, I’ve created this resource:

Intergenerational Trauma

Take this Quiz to Learn More about Potential Intergenerational Trauma in Your Family History.


[No data is saved from your entry. Use of this quiz is subject to this site's terms of use. This quiz is not a psychological test or measure. The results may be used solely for entertainment and educational purposes.]

1 / 14

Has anyone in three generations of your family been estranged from someone they loved?

2 / 14

Has anyone in three generations of your family experienced extended unemployment?

3 / 14

Is there a topic in your family that family members aren’t allowed to talk about because it’s too upsetting to someone?

4 / 14

Has anyone in three generations of your family gone into active combat or sent a family member into active combat?

5 / 14

Has anyone in three generations of your family experienced a miscarriage or stillborn child?

6 / 14

Has anyone in three generations of your family immigrated to a new country?

7 / 14

Has anyone in three generations of your family experienced sexual violence?

8 / 14

Has anyone in three generations of your family experienced a hate crime, racism, or stigmatization?

9 / 14

Has anyone in three generations of your family lived through a war fought in their homeland?

10 / 14

Has anyone in three generations of your family spent a portion of their life in poverty?

11 / 14

Has anyone in three generations of your family experienced divorce?

12 / 14

Has anyone in three generations of your family lost a significant piece of their cultural heritage?

13 / 14

Has anyone in three generations of your family experienced abuse or domestic violence?

14 / 14

Has anyone in three generations of your family experienced the death of a child?

If you answered yes to any of these, someone in your family line experienced a potentially traumatic event. Some individuals are far more resilient than others, and some families are better at minimizing the impact on successive generations (often through resiliency-promoting childhood experiences), but adaptive coping patterns leave an imprint. Thoughtful living asks that we consider how our parents, our parent’s parents, and their parents coped with traumas, and how their choices impact how we live in the world now.

Click here for more resources for understanding, teaching, and illustrating trauma, PTSD, and new research in these areas. 

Folklore and Modern Science

Long before science proved the trauma of one generation impacts the expression of genes in the following generation, folklore gave us the language of “family curses” and ancient religious traditions taught the idea of children suffering for the wrongdoing of parents. These ideas fell out of popularity when the 1600’s brought the Age of Enlightenment, and “respectable thought” moved away from folklore towards hard sciences. However, now that science is confirming the intuitive wisdom of the past, will we listen for the places where intuition might illuminate our human experience in spaces that science has yet to explore?

User jennk_ asked a thoughtful question in the Instagram comments, “Are there any burdens that we can place on the next generation if we focus too much of our energy on breaking a cycle?”

Answer:  It’s such a kind question! I think it’s possible to focus so hard on “fixing” that our kids miss the fact that life is process, and that mindful living isn’t fixing something and moving on. Mindful living means constantly looking at systems and structures and beliefs, and reevaluating what is good and just.

Image description for screen readers:
Illustrated image with a light blue background, showing two women. 

Text above both women says, “Every single person you meet is…” 

The woman on the left has light skin and light brown hair, and is wearing a pink shirt with shorts. Underneath her is written: “Repeating a cycle of generational trauma.” 

The second woman has darker skin than the first woman with darker brown hair, and is wearing a green shirt with pants. Underneath her is written: “Or carrying the burden of breaking cycles.”

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Friday 6th of May 2022

I have just this phrase "intergenerational trauma". My son whom I've always loved dearly, told me on my birthday last month that he was breaking off all communication with me as he needed to break the cycle. I feel as though he has broken my heart.

joy clarke

Friday 15th of April 2022

Hi, I really appreciate your research that highlights intergenerational trauma.

I have often thought that the behaviour of individuals if negative is possibly reflected from their ancestors strife.

I would like to address this towards authorities who I believe could assist or have more empathy towards troubled individuals.

I would focus on the current escalation of violence amongst certain groups of young people.

I believe that this is a big subject that should be catered for in terms of counselling and opportunities.

I have always thought that the anger and violence displayed amongst certain groups are possibly caused by genetics.

It is very sad to witness this cycle which attacks individuals progressing and inhibits them to do the best in their lives.

If breaking the cycle is possible then I believe that making institutions aware and also put a network plan in place would be extremely beneficial.

Please respond with any suggestions that you may have if possible. Kind regards Joy Clarke



Saturday 22nd of August 2020

Thank you. I’m in the pivot generation of breaking generational trauma bonds and caring for my own and my child’s trauma. I’m a change breaker and so thankful for language to move forward and resources that confirm how hard and important and empowering the process is!


Thursday 25th of March 2021

@Sara, same here. It's hard process, but so freeing and rewarding. We are in this together!

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